Sleep Related Breathing Disorders
An Introduction to Sleep Related Breathing Disorders
Progress in appliances, positive airway pressure devices and surgery mean there are a range of treatment options for common sleep-related breathing disorders, including obstructive sleep apnoea. Oral treatments now include tongue-retaining or orthodontic/mandibular advancing appliances; and mini-implant assisted rapid maxillary expansion (MARME) is becoming more common. Surgical interventions now include staged or phasic protocols and hypoglossal nerve stimulation. Advances in patient phenotyping will help to individualise intervention selection.
Expert video highlights and insights from the conference hub and comprehensive peer-reviewed articles from our journal portfolio provide updates on the ever changing landscape.
Sleep Related Breathing Disorders Content
Home-based Screening for Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Children
US Respiratory and Pulmonary Diseases. 2020;5(1):38-42 DOI: https://doi.org/10.17925/USPRD.2020.5.1.38
Sleep disordered breathing in children comprises a spectrum of abnormal breathing patterns associated with increased airflow resistance and sleep disruption. Sleep disordered breathing is categorized by severity into primary snoring, upper airway resistance syndrome, and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Pediatric OSA has a prevalence of up to 5% in children.1 The most common cause of increased […]
Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome—A Concise Clinical Review
US Respiratory and Pulmonary Diseases. 2020;5(1):43-7 DOI: https://doi.org/10.17925/USPRD.2020.5.1.43
Obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) is defined as daytime hypercapnia (awake resting PaCO2 of ≥45 mmHg) in the setting of obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥30 kg/m2). Most, if not all, patients have some sleep disordered breathing in the form of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) or sleep-related hypoventilation. Alternative causes of hypoventilation, such as severe pulmonary disease, […]
Terri Weaver, CHEST 2020 – Solriamfetol in Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Following her related presentation at CHEST 2020, Terri Weaver (University of Illinois Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA) took the time to speak with us about the long term effects of solriamfetol on excessive daytime sleepiness and functional outcomes in participants with obstructive sleep apnea. Questions 1. What is known about the long and short term efficacy […]
Margaret Pisani, CHEST 2020 – Sleep and Circadian Rhythm
We caught up with our Editorial Board member Margaret Pisani (Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA) to talk about her presentation at CHEST 2020 Virtual around sleep and circadian rhythm. Questions 1. What are the alterations to sleep and circadian rhythm that are seen in the ICU? Do these affect outcomes? (0:07) […]
Carolyn D’Ambrosio, CHEST 2020 – Sleep Apnea in Women
We caught up with Caroyln D’Ambrosio (Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA) to discuss obstructive sleep apnea in women. Questions What proportion of sleep apnea patients are female? (0:23) What are the risk factors for sleep apnea in women? (1:02) How do sleep apnea symptoms in women differ from those in men? (1:36) What are […]
Jan Hedner, ERS 2019 – Carbon Anhydrase Inhibitors for Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnoea
We met Jan Hedner, of Gothenburg, Sweden, at ERS 2019, who talks us through the latest evidence for the effectiveness of carbon anhydrase inhibitors for treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea. Questions 1. What are the limitations of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA)? (0:05) 2. What properties of […]
Luigi Montemurro, ERS 2019 – Ato-oxy for Obstructive Sleep Apnoea
Luigi Montemurro, of Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, met us at ERS 2019 in Madrid to discuss the recent trial of the fixed dose combination of atomoxetine and oxybutynin as the first successful pharmacotherapy for obstructive sleep apnoea. Questions 1. Why is there not yet an effective pharmacotherapy for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA)? (0:05) […]
Sleep Position and Stillbirth – Is it Time to Change Sleep Practices?
European Respiratory & Pulmonary Diseases. 2019; 5(1):14–5.
As we spend about a third of our lives sleeping, sleep has been linked to many health outcomes during the past few decades,1 such as cardiovascular2 and metabolic health, cognition,3 and even mortality.4 Sleep in pregnancy has also emerged as an area of interest in relation to pregnancy outcomes for both mother and foetus. However, […]
Babak Mokhlesi, ATS 2019 – Impact Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Duration on Glucose Tolerance (Part 1)
Speaking at the 2019 ATS conference in Dallas, TX, USA, Babak Mokhlesi (University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA) discusses the link between obstructive sleep apnoea, insufficient sleep duration and type 2 diabetes; key findings of his study, and the implications for the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes. Questions 1. What is the link […]
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